Introduction To The Basics of CSS

Welcome to our tutorial on basics of CSS. In this tutorial you will be learning about cascading style sheet also known as CSS. In our previous tutorials we discussed about HTML. If you haven’t gone through the HTML tutorial, you can do so using the link below.

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What is cascading Style sheet?

Cascading style sheet also known as CSS is a design language used in giving beauty to a web page. As a software developer you need the full understanding of CSS in making beautiful designs to web applications. Most HTML attributes are been deprecated in HTML5 which means that in future we will be needing more of styling using CSS. So its advice able you learn all you need to know on CSS before moving deep into further languages such as JavaScript or java etc.

4 Reasons Why You Should Learn CSS

There are different reasons why you should learn CSS. As a developer, The basics of CSS is very important if you want to become a professional in your field. Other reasons include:

Stunning website creation: CSS helps to create stunning websites. Most of the beautiful websites you see today are been structured using the knowledge of CSS.

Becoming a web designer: with the knowledge of HTML and basics of CSS you can become a professional web designer.

Controlling the web: CSS helps to easily control every part of the design of a web document and its supported by all web browsers.

Easy learning of other languages: with the right knowledge of HTML and basics of CSS you can advance more into learning further languages such as JavaScript, java, C#, python etc. easily.

Advantages of CSS

CSS possess lots of advantages and some of which includes:

Less time consuming: CSS is less time consuming. With the help of external styling, you can structure styles that will be implemented on all web pages of your website.

Fast page loading speed: External CSS styling also helps you design all your styles in one css folder while you implement them on all pages of your website. Recall that the lesser the codes, the faster the sites speed due to light weight.

Easy Maintenance:  With css styling you get to easily maintain your website. You can make easy adjustment from a folder and it will take effect on all web pages. This makes the website easily maintainable.  

Global standards: CSS is compatible to all browsers. Due to the Deprecation of some HTML attributes, its recommended that developers should adopt the habit of using CSS in styling their web pages.

High compatibility across devices: CSS is compatible across devices. CSS also allows us to design web pages that will be compatible with any device of our choice.

CSS creation and maintenance

Have you ever wondered who created CSS? Well! CSS was created by a group of people working inside the World Wide Web consortium also known as W3C. This group in charge of CSS is called the CSS working group. This group is tasked with making CSS specifications and when this specifications are accepted by the W3C it becomes a recommendation. The W3C organization is tasked with making decisions on how the web should work. There are different versions of CSS and they include:

  • CSS1
  • CSS2
  • CSS3


Before jumping into the start of this course, please be aware that you must have knowledge of the following:

  • How to create folders in a computer
  • How to stored files in folders or directories
  • How to navigate through different folders and directories
  • Basic understanding of text editors such as vs-code, note pad++ etc
  • Basic understanding of web browsers
  • Developing simple web pages using HTML


Now you are done with the introduction to CSS lets move on to more interesting topics. Next topic is CSS SYNTAX

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